Toxin is a substance produced by anaerobic bacteria, Bacillus botulinus. The medication has been used since the 1980s. Procedures involving toxin have been performed in Poland since 1996. Initially, toxin was used in ophthalmology and neurology. However, it turned out that it affect also facial muscles, which are tightly connected to skin.
Wrinkles develop because with every muscle contraction, our skin contracts, too. The more often our skin rimples in a given place, the more a wrinkle is strengthened. Application of toxin in appropriate doses into sites where facial wrinkles appear most often smoothens the given area and prevents wrinkles from deepening. As a result, our skin is rejuvenated, and the face softens and becomes younger with several years. At a later stage areas, which have been subjected to botulinum toxin therapy, are less susceptible to facial wrinkle creation and deepening. Currently it is the most effective anti-wrinkle therapy: well tolerated and safe. It is best to start using toxin at an early stage of facial wrinkle appearance. It is worth to start the therapy when you are about 25-30 years old to simply prevent the wrinkles. Patients are usually more than satisfied with the results of this therapy, and therefore, regularly undergo the procedures.
Therapy is mainly used to reduce facial wrinkles between the eyebrows, so-called frown lines, around the eyes, so-called crow’s feet, and horizontal forehead wrinkles. With toxin you can also improve the shape of your face, move and model brows, or lift the corners of your mouth. Moreover, you can reduce lower eyelid wrinkles, smoker’s wrinkles, cheek wrinkles called “smile lines,” or bunny lines that appear on the nasal bridge. Toxin therapy is also successful in reducing wrinkles on the chin, neck and cleavage. However, there are more applications of toxin. It can also be used in treating migraine, and hyperhidrosis of palms, feet, and armpits. Furthermore, it is used to treat bruxism, i.e. an unconscious teeth clenching and grinding, as well as a gummy smile. Recently, it has been used in treating acne.
By using toxin in preventing and reducing facial wrinkles, we look young and fresh, and the face appears to be relaxed, rested, and laid-back.
Contraindications for toxin application include all autoimmune diseases at their active stages, neoplastic diseases, neuromuscular transmission disorders, pregnancy, breast-feeding, infections, and dermatitis.
The procedure itself does not require any special preparations; it is almost painless and very short. After the procedure, patients should not bow their heads, avoid horizontal positions and physical exercises for about 4-5 hours. Hot baths and going to a sauna are also contraindicated. Injection sites should not be touched. After the procedure, patients can return to their daily duties. The effects last from 3 to 6 months.
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