Hyaluronic acid is called elixir of youth. It has been widely used in cosmetics, but not only there. It is also used in medicine and treats rheumatoid arthritis, and liver or eye diseases.
Hyaluronic acid is naturally present in human body as sodium hyaluronate. The largest amount of hyaluronic acid is in our skin, synovia, and eye. Moreover, it is present in body fluids, and builds walls of blood vessels.
The main function of hyaluronic acid is binding water in organism. With age, its amount decreases, and the skin becomes dry and floppy; wrinkles and folds start to appear. Face starts to lose its firmness and healthy appearance, and the lack of the acid in our skin makes us look older. To prevent that from happening, we use various supplements in the form of hyaluronic acid injections, among others. By administering the acid subcutaneously we supplement its deficits in connective tissue, fill in wrinkles, improve the shape of face or a given area, e.g. volumetric re-sculpturing of cheeks. We can also augment our lips, and simultaneously nourishing and hydrating them. Hyaluronic acid can also be used to reduce asymmetries and re-sculpt the shape of nose or mouth. Furthermore, it can be used to fill in the tear through, mandibular arch, or cheeks.
If wrinkles are too deep and create folds, which cannot be reduced by procedures utilizing botulinum toxin, then the acid is used to fill in the folds e.g. around the lips, on the forehead, or the nasolabial folds. By administering hyaluronic acid we inhibit the collagen breakdown in an organism and stimulate it to produce new one.
The procedure of administering hyaluronic acid in the form of so-called fillers involves filing in lines, wrinkles, and folds in order to correct them. The preparation administered in a proper way lifts floppy tissues, and thus, eliminates symptoms of aging, improves general condition of the skin, its firmness and volume. The preparation is given with a very thin needle. After injecting hyaluronic acid into a wrinkle or lips, it binds water and increases the volume of the given area, smoothening the wrinkles. The procedure lasts about 30 minutes. Effects may be seen immediately. The patients may see them in a mirror. Procedures involving hyaluronic acid do not prevent patients from performing their daily tasks. The results are visible from 7 to 18 months, and then the body naturally absorbs the acid. It is subject to biodegradation.
Procedures involving hyaluronic acid do not require any special preparations from patients. Preparations are introduced into skin with a thin needle. However, the sites of injections may be anaesthetized to increase patients’ comfort. The procedure lasts about 30 minutes, and the results may be seen immediately. Right after the procedure, the skin may be slightly reddened and swollen. However, these symptoms subside within a couple of hours.
Contraindications include pregnancy, breast-feeding, neoplastic and autoimmune diseases, skin inflammatory conditions, e.g. herpes, tendency to develop hypertrophic scars, or hypersensitivity to hyaluronic acid.
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